松 濤 館   空 手 道

Shotokan Karatedo

Kihon Kata Kumite

Developed by Gichin Funakoshi (1868 – 1957) since 1928, Shotokan became the most widely practiced style of Karatedo today. The pen name that Master Funakoshi used for writing poetry was Shōtō (or 松 濤 in Japanese script), which means ‘waving pines’. Furthermore, the Japanese word Kan (or 館 in Japanese script) means ‘hall’. Therefore, the Training Hall (or Dojo) where Master Funakoshi taught the style (or Ryu) of Karatedo he had developed became known as 松濤館 in Japanese script, meaning Shōtō’s Kan (that is, Shōtō’s (Training) Hall). Subsequently, this became also the name of Master Funakoshi’s Martial Art: Shotokan (or actually: Shoto’s Kan). Furthermore, the tiger became the symbol of Shotokan Karatedo. It symbolizes the keen alertness of the wakeful tiger and the serenity of the peaceful mind which Master Funakoshi experienced while listening to the pine waves on Tiger’s Tail Mountain, which is the literal meaning of the name of Mount Torao in Okinawa, near Master Funakoshi’s hometown Shuri.

Master Funakoshi was succeeded by Masatoshi Nakayama (1913 – 1987), Hirokazu Kanazawa (1931 – 2019), and many other Shihan of Shotokan Karatedo.

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